E-ISSN 0976-2779 | ISSN 0975-8453
 

Review Article 


The Mechanism of Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress and the Cyclin D2 Expression on Ovarian Granulosa Cell Cycle in Infertile Women with Endometriosis

Jimmy Yanuar Annas, Hendy Hendarto, Erry Gumilar Dachlan, Samsulhadi, Soegiharto Soebijanto, Eu Leong Yong.

Abstract
The endometriosis related to secretory cell namely granulosa cell provides its important organelle of endoplasmic reticulum. This study aimed to analyze the influence of TNF-α against the characteristic of granulosa cell, especially the function in its organelle of endoplasmic reticulum and the cell cycle. This was an observed cross-sectional study. Samples were found by laparoscopy at the time of 17 mm sized follicle was detected. The assessment of peritoneal fluid’s TNF-α level was done by ELISA, the marker of mRNA-GRP78, eIF2α, and CHOP taken from isolated granulosa cell were assessed by qPCR, and flow cytometry was used to observe cell cycle while Western blotting spent to evaluate Cyclin D2. We observed 13 women with endometriosis and 4 women with non-endometriosis. The study showed that peritoneal fluid TNF-α was higher in endometriosis group compared to non-endometriosis (48.66±3.9 vs 37.6±3.8 ng/mL, p<0.05). The study apparently indicated sharply increased of all marker’s mRNA-GRP78, eIFα and CHOP with respectively 3.32, 8.54 and 1.78- fold, but Cyclin D2 also increased (97.056% vs 86.217%; p>0.05) in endometriosis women group. The granulosa cell’s cycle showed the higher result on G0/G1 phase but lowering S/M phase on endometriosis group compared to control. It seemed the influence of peritoneal fluid TNF-α occurred against GRP78. Endometriosis women having higher TNF-α level suggested to lead ER stress were playing the important role in the granulosa cell cycle.

Key words: endometriosis, granulosa cell, TNF-α


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Jimmy Yanuar Annas, Hendy Hendarto, Erry Gumilar Dachlan, Samsulhadi, Soegiharto Soebijanto, Eu Leong Yong. The Mechanism of Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress and the Cyclin D2 Expression on Ovarian Granulosa Cell Cycle in Infertile Women with Endometriosis. SRP. 2020; 11(5): 185-191. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.28


Web Style

Jimmy Yanuar Annas, Hendy Hendarto, Erry Gumilar Dachlan, Samsulhadi, Soegiharto Soebijanto, Eu Leong Yong. The Mechanism of Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress and the Cyclin D2 Expression on Ovarian Granulosa Cell Cycle in Infertile Women with Endometriosis. http://www.sysrevpharm.org//?mno=108406 [Access: May 31, 2020]. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.28


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Jimmy Yanuar Annas, Hendy Hendarto, Erry Gumilar Dachlan, Samsulhadi, Soegiharto Soebijanto, Eu Leong Yong. The Mechanism of Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress and the Cyclin D2 Expression on Ovarian Granulosa Cell Cycle in Infertile Women with Endometriosis. SRP. 2020; 11(5): 185-191. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.28



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Jimmy Yanuar Annas, Hendy Hendarto, Erry Gumilar Dachlan, Samsulhadi, Soegiharto Soebijanto, Eu Leong Yong. The Mechanism of Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress and the Cyclin D2 Expression on Ovarian Granulosa Cell Cycle in Infertile Women with Endometriosis. SRP. (2020), [cited May 31, 2020]; 11(5): 185-191. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.28



Harvard Style

Jimmy Yanuar Annas, Hendy Hendarto, Erry Gumilar Dachlan, Samsulhadi, Soegiharto Soebijanto, Eu Leong Yong (2020) The Mechanism of Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress and the Cyclin D2 Expression on Ovarian Granulosa Cell Cycle in Infertile Women with Endometriosis. SRP, 11 (5), 185-191. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.28



Turabian Style

Jimmy Yanuar Annas, Hendy Hendarto, Erry Gumilar Dachlan, Samsulhadi, Soegiharto Soebijanto, Eu Leong Yong. 2020. The Mechanism of Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress and the Cyclin D2 Expression on Ovarian Granulosa Cell Cycle in Infertile Women with Endometriosis. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11 (5), 185-191. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.28



Chicago Style

Jimmy Yanuar Annas, Hendy Hendarto, Erry Gumilar Dachlan, Samsulhadi, Soegiharto Soebijanto, Eu Leong Yong. "The Mechanism of Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress and the Cyclin D2 Expression on Ovarian Granulosa Cell Cycle in Infertile Women with Endometriosis." Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy 11 (2020), 185-191. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.28



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Jimmy Yanuar Annas, Hendy Hendarto, Erry Gumilar Dachlan, Samsulhadi, Soegiharto Soebijanto, Eu Leong Yong. "The Mechanism of Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress and the Cyclin D2 Expression on Ovarian Granulosa Cell Cycle in Infertile Women with Endometriosis." Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy 11.5 (2020), 185-191. Print. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.28



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Jimmy Yanuar Annas, Hendy Hendarto, Erry Gumilar Dachlan, Samsulhadi, Soegiharto Soebijanto, Eu Leong Yong (2020) The Mechanism of Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress and the Cyclin D2 Expression on Ovarian Granulosa Cell Cycle in Infertile Women with Endometriosis. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11 (5), 185-191. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.28