E-ISSN 0976-2779 | ISSN 0975-8453
 

Review Article 


Morphological Maxillary Inter-Incisor Width in Indonesian Sundanese Children with Beta Thalassemia Major

Eriska Riyanti, Risti Saptarini Primarti, Naninda Berliana Pratidina, Prima Andisetyanto, Selvia Yunita, Iwan Ahmad Musnamirwan, Eka Chemiawan, Sri Ramadhany, Marhamah F. Singgih.

Abstract
Introduction: Thalassemia is a hereditary blood disorder that leads to moderate or severe anemia. This anemia is associated with decreasing hemoglobin levels, thus reducing the erythrocyte count to a lower than normal level. Erythrocytes with less hemoglobin are more susceptible to hemolysis, which reduces their life.
Objectives: To analyze the maxillary inter-incisor width among patients with beta thalassemia major (BTM) in the Sundanese population of Indonesia.
Methods: This cross-sectional study included patients with BTM and normal children, and used a consecutive sampling method. The participantsí maxillary impressions were molded and the inter-incisor width measured. Statistical analysis was performed using ANOVA and post hoc test, with P values <0.05 considered statistically significant.
Results: The average inter-incisor width was 2.90 cm in children with BTM aged 9-10 years; 2.84 cm in those aged 10-11 years; 2.87 cm in those aged 11-12 years; 2.85 cm in those aged 12-13 years; and 2.78 cm in those aged 13-14 years. The average inter-incisor width of boys was 2.90 cm, and that of girls was 2.74 cm.
Conclusion: The maxillary inter-incisor width in children with BTM was smaller than that in normal children. Among the former, the width was greater in boys than in girls.

Key words: Maxillary Inter-incisor Width; Beta Thalassemia Major; Indonesian Sundanese Population


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Eriska Riyanti, Risti Saptarini Primarti, Naninda Berliana Pratidina, Prima Andisetyanto, Selvia Yunita, Iwan Ahmad Musnamirwan, Eka Chemiawan, Sri Ramadhany, Marhamah F. Singgih. Morphological Maxillary Inter-Incisor Width in Indonesian Sundanese Children with Beta Thalassemia Major. SRP. 2020; 11(5): 308-312. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.45


Web Style

Eriska Riyanti, Risti Saptarini Primarti, Naninda Berliana Pratidina, Prima Andisetyanto, Selvia Yunita, Iwan Ahmad Musnamirwan, Eka Chemiawan, Sri Ramadhany, Marhamah F. Singgih. Morphological Maxillary Inter-Incisor Width in Indonesian Sundanese Children with Beta Thalassemia Major. http://www.sysrevpharm.org//?mno=108862 [Access: May 31, 2020]. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.45


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Eriska Riyanti, Risti Saptarini Primarti, Naninda Berliana Pratidina, Prima Andisetyanto, Selvia Yunita, Iwan Ahmad Musnamirwan, Eka Chemiawan, Sri Ramadhany, Marhamah F. Singgih. Morphological Maxillary Inter-Incisor Width in Indonesian Sundanese Children with Beta Thalassemia Major. SRP. 2020; 11(5): 308-312. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.45



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Eriska Riyanti, Risti Saptarini Primarti, Naninda Berliana Pratidina, Prima Andisetyanto, Selvia Yunita, Iwan Ahmad Musnamirwan, Eka Chemiawan, Sri Ramadhany, Marhamah F. Singgih. Morphological Maxillary Inter-Incisor Width in Indonesian Sundanese Children with Beta Thalassemia Major. SRP. (2020), [cited May 31, 2020]; 11(5): 308-312. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.45



Harvard Style

Eriska Riyanti, Risti Saptarini Primarti, Naninda Berliana Pratidina, Prima Andisetyanto, Selvia Yunita, Iwan Ahmad Musnamirwan, Eka Chemiawan, Sri Ramadhany, Marhamah F. Singgih (2020) Morphological Maxillary Inter-Incisor Width in Indonesian Sundanese Children with Beta Thalassemia Major. SRP, 11 (5), 308-312. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.45



Turabian Style

Eriska Riyanti, Risti Saptarini Primarti, Naninda Berliana Pratidina, Prima Andisetyanto, Selvia Yunita, Iwan Ahmad Musnamirwan, Eka Chemiawan, Sri Ramadhany, Marhamah F. Singgih. 2020. Morphological Maxillary Inter-Incisor Width in Indonesian Sundanese Children with Beta Thalassemia Major. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11 (5), 308-312. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.45



Chicago Style

Eriska Riyanti, Risti Saptarini Primarti, Naninda Berliana Pratidina, Prima Andisetyanto, Selvia Yunita, Iwan Ahmad Musnamirwan, Eka Chemiawan, Sri Ramadhany, Marhamah F. Singgih. "Morphological Maxillary Inter-Incisor Width in Indonesian Sundanese Children with Beta Thalassemia Major." Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy 11 (2020), 308-312. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.45



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Eriska Riyanti, Risti Saptarini Primarti, Naninda Berliana Pratidina, Prima Andisetyanto, Selvia Yunita, Iwan Ahmad Musnamirwan, Eka Chemiawan, Sri Ramadhany, Marhamah F. Singgih. "Morphological Maxillary Inter-Incisor Width in Indonesian Sundanese Children with Beta Thalassemia Major." Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy 11.5 (2020), 308-312. Print. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.45



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Eriska Riyanti, Risti Saptarini Primarti, Naninda Berliana Pratidina, Prima Andisetyanto, Selvia Yunita, Iwan Ahmad Musnamirwan, Eka Chemiawan, Sri Ramadhany, Marhamah F. Singgih (2020) Morphological Maxillary Inter-Incisor Width in Indonesian Sundanese Children with Beta Thalassemia Major. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11 (5), 308-312. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.45