E-ISSN 0976-2779 | ISSN 0975-8453
 

Review Article 


The Challenges in Eradication of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Developing Countries

Yasinta Rakanita, Rano K. Sinuraya, Eka W. Suradji, Auliya A. Suwantika, Mas Rizky A. A. Syamsunarno, Rizky Abdulah.

Abstract
Anemia causes losses of billions of dollars annually in terms of productivity among working women of the reproductive age; it affects both their cognitive and physical performance. In developing countries where many manual labor jobs exist, an iron supplementation program is the first choice for eradicating anemia. However, this program cannot sufficiently meet reduction targets, and this created a polemic among health experts. The purpose of this study was to explore how iron deficiency anemia may be eradicated in developing countries. The results showed that the main challenges for iron anemia deficiency eradication are as follows: low adherence, infection, hidden symptoms, comorbidities from other non-communicable diseases, micronutrient deficiencies, and lack of program monitoring. In terms of low adherence, the side effects of iron supplements become a major factor in taking medication. Conversely, parasites and worms cause most of the high infection cases. Poor access to facilities of healthcare centers are becoming the main factor for the absence of anemia eradication program evaluation in remote areas of developing countries. Therefore, breakthroughs are expected to be developed to reduce anemia significantly. These include increasing patient visits to a healthcare center, diagnosing anemia accurately and intensively, prioritizing infection control, fortifying food, and monitoring iron side effects.

Key words: Anemia, developing country, iron deficiency, women of reproductive age


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Yasinta Rakanita, Rano K. Sinuraya, Eka W. Suradji, Auliya A. Suwantika, Mas Rizky A. A. Syamsunarno, Rizky Abdulah. The Challenges in Eradication of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Developing Countries. SRP. 2020; 11(5): 383-401. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.55


Web Style

Yasinta Rakanita, Rano K. Sinuraya, Eka W. Suradji, Auliya A. Suwantika, Mas Rizky A. A. Syamsunarno, Rizky Abdulah. The Challenges in Eradication of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Developing Countries. http://www.sysrevpharm.org//?mno=109364 [Access: May 31, 2020]. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.55


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Yasinta Rakanita, Rano K. Sinuraya, Eka W. Suradji, Auliya A. Suwantika, Mas Rizky A. A. Syamsunarno, Rizky Abdulah. The Challenges in Eradication of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Developing Countries. SRP. 2020; 11(5): 383-401. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.55



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Yasinta Rakanita, Rano K. Sinuraya, Eka W. Suradji, Auliya A. Suwantika, Mas Rizky A. A. Syamsunarno, Rizky Abdulah. The Challenges in Eradication of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Developing Countries. SRP. (2020), [cited May 31, 2020]; 11(5): 383-401. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.55



Harvard Style

Yasinta Rakanita, Rano K. Sinuraya, Eka W. Suradji, Auliya A. Suwantika, Mas Rizky A. A. Syamsunarno, Rizky Abdulah (2020) The Challenges in Eradication of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Developing Countries. SRP, 11 (5), 383-401. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.55



Turabian Style

Yasinta Rakanita, Rano K. Sinuraya, Eka W. Suradji, Auliya A. Suwantika, Mas Rizky A. A. Syamsunarno, Rizky Abdulah. 2020. The Challenges in Eradication of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Developing Countries. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11 (5), 383-401. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.55



Chicago Style

Yasinta Rakanita, Rano K. Sinuraya, Eka W. Suradji, Auliya A. Suwantika, Mas Rizky A. A. Syamsunarno, Rizky Abdulah. "The Challenges in Eradication of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Developing Countries." Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy 11 (2020), 383-401. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.55



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Yasinta Rakanita, Rano K. Sinuraya, Eka W. Suradji, Auliya A. Suwantika, Mas Rizky A. A. Syamsunarno, Rizky Abdulah. "The Challenges in Eradication of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Developing Countries." Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy 11.5 (2020), 383-401. Print. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.55



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Yasinta Rakanita, Rano K. Sinuraya, Eka W. Suradji, Auliya A. Suwantika, Mas Rizky A. A. Syamsunarno, Rizky Abdulah (2020) The Challenges in Eradication of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Developing Countries. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11 (5), 383-401. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.55