E-ISSN 0976-2779 | ISSN 0975-8453
 

Review Article 


Antibacterial Chitosan of Milkfish Scales (Chanos chanos) on Bacteria Prophyromonas gingivalis & Agregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans

Harun Achmad, Arni Irawaty Djais, Miftahul Jannah, Austin Bertilova Carmelita, Herlina Uinarni, Evi Mustikawati Arifin, Huldani, Aminuddin Prahatama Putra.

Abstract
This research was conducted to appear the effectiveness of milkfish scales chitosan gel (Chanos Chanos) against bacterial inhibition of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans and Porphyromonas gingivalis which are pathogenic bacteria that cause periodontitis. This research was conducted with five treatments with five repetitions, the five treatments, namely: Positive control (metronidazole), negative control (aquadest), chitosan gel in milkfish scales concentration of 1%, 5%, and 10%. Measuring instrument of this research uses calipers with denominations of millimeters (mm). Based on the results of the Mann Whitney test, there was a significant difference in inhibition of chitosan gel on the scale of milkfish 1%, 5%, and 10% against the Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans & Porphyromonas gingivalis gel (p <0.005), and based on the Kruskal Wallis test, it was found that the higher concentration of gel milkfish scales, the higher the average inhibition power. It was concluded that milkfish scales gel chitosan (Chanos chanos) can inhibit the growth of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans & Porphyromonas gingivalis and the higher the concentration of chitosan gel in milkfish scales, the higher the inhibition zone produced.

Key words: Chitosan gel, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Antibacterial.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Harun Achmad, Arni Irawaty Djais, Miftahul Jannah, Austin Bertilova Carmelita, Herlina Uinarni, Evi Mustikawati Arifin, Huldani, Aminuddin Prahatama Putra. Antibacterial Chitosan of Milkfish Scales (Chanos chanos) on Bacteria Prophyromonas gingivalis & Agregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans. SRP. 2020; 11(6): 836-841. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.6.121


Web Style

Harun Achmad, Arni Irawaty Djais, Miftahul Jannah, Austin Bertilova Carmelita, Herlina Uinarni, Evi Mustikawati Arifin, Huldani, Aminuddin Prahatama Putra. Antibacterial Chitosan of Milkfish Scales (Chanos chanos) on Bacteria Prophyromonas gingivalis & Agregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans. http://www.sysrevpharm.org//?mno=120049 [Access: June 29, 2020]. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.6.121


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Harun Achmad, Arni Irawaty Djais, Miftahul Jannah, Austin Bertilova Carmelita, Herlina Uinarni, Evi Mustikawati Arifin, Huldani, Aminuddin Prahatama Putra. Antibacterial Chitosan of Milkfish Scales (Chanos chanos) on Bacteria Prophyromonas gingivalis & Agregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans. SRP. 2020; 11(6): 836-841. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.6.121



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Harun Achmad, Arni Irawaty Djais, Miftahul Jannah, Austin Bertilova Carmelita, Herlina Uinarni, Evi Mustikawati Arifin, Huldani, Aminuddin Prahatama Putra. Antibacterial Chitosan of Milkfish Scales (Chanos chanos) on Bacteria Prophyromonas gingivalis & Agregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans. SRP. (2020), [cited June 29, 2020]; 11(6): 836-841. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.6.121



Harvard Style

Harun Achmad, Arni Irawaty Djais, Miftahul Jannah, Austin Bertilova Carmelita, Herlina Uinarni, Evi Mustikawati Arifin, Huldani, Aminuddin Prahatama Putra (2020) Antibacterial Chitosan of Milkfish Scales (Chanos chanos) on Bacteria Prophyromonas gingivalis & Agregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans. SRP, 11 (6), 836-841. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.6.121



Turabian Style

Harun Achmad, Arni Irawaty Djais, Miftahul Jannah, Austin Bertilova Carmelita, Herlina Uinarni, Evi Mustikawati Arifin, Huldani, Aminuddin Prahatama Putra. 2020. Antibacterial Chitosan of Milkfish Scales (Chanos chanos) on Bacteria Prophyromonas gingivalis & Agregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11 (6), 836-841. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.6.121



Chicago Style

Harun Achmad, Arni Irawaty Djais, Miftahul Jannah, Austin Bertilova Carmelita, Herlina Uinarni, Evi Mustikawati Arifin, Huldani, Aminuddin Prahatama Putra. "Antibacterial Chitosan of Milkfish Scales (Chanos chanos) on Bacteria Prophyromonas gingivalis & Agregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans." Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy 11 (2020), 836-841. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.6.121



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Harun Achmad, Arni Irawaty Djais, Miftahul Jannah, Austin Bertilova Carmelita, Herlina Uinarni, Evi Mustikawati Arifin, Huldani, Aminuddin Prahatama Putra. "Antibacterial Chitosan of Milkfish Scales (Chanos chanos) on Bacteria Prophyromonas gingivalis & Agregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans." Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy 11.6 (2020), 836-841. Print. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.6.121



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Harun Achmad, Arni Irawaty Djais, Miftahul Jannah, Austin Bertilova Carmelita, Herlina Uinarni, Evi Mustikawati Arifin, Huldani, Aminuddin Prahatama Putra (2020) Antibacterial Chitosan of Milkfish Scales (Chanos chanos) on Bacteria Prophyromonas gingivalis & Agregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11 (6), 836-841. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.6.121





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