E-ISSN 0976-2779 | ISSN 0975-8453
 

Review Article 


Comparison Of Some Kidney And Liver Function Tests Between Current And Former Iraqi Cigarettes Or Arghila Smokers

Zahraa I. Abudal Kadhum.

Abstract
Smoking is the world's largest single cause of death protection. It is a common trigger for cardiovascular diseases, as well as a range of cancers and other disabilities. Approximately half of the regular smokers will eventually be killed by their smoking habit, with many of these deaths occurring in the middle ages. As long as it causes premature death, tobacco consumption greatly reduces the quality of life, affecting family, friends and colleagues as well as smokers themselves. The current study included 30 Iraqi smokers in three different groups (cigarette smokers, arghila (hookah) smokers and former smokers) (age range= 19-53 years). The cases were selected from family, friends, college students and coffee shops the costumers, from November 2015 to March 2016. Ten healthy, non-smoker males of matched age were also included as a control group throughout this study. A careful history was obtained from each volunteer including age, smoking duration, type of smoking (cigarettes, arghila, or former), and family history of diseases (such as diabetes mellitus and thyroid disease). In the sera of the groups under study, some biochemical parameters such as (AST, ALT, ALP, creatinine, and urea) were estimated. The results showed significant differences (p˂0.05) in the studied parameters in: (cigarette and arghila smokers), and (former smokers) groups, when compared to the control group.

Key words: smoking, kidney function, liver function, transaminases, ALP.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Zahraa I. Abudal Kadhum. Comparison Of Some Kidney And Liver Function Tests Between Current And Former Iraqi Cigarettes Or Arghila Smokers. SRP. 2021; 12(2): 179-183. doi:10.31838/srp.2021.2.23


Web Style

Zahraa I. Abudal Kadhum. Comparison Of Some Kidney And Liver Function Tests Between Current And Former Iraqi Cigarettes Or Arghila Smokers. http://www.sysrevpharm.org/?mno=13741 [Access: January 18, 2021]. doi:10.31838/srp.2021.2.23


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Zahraa I. Abudal Kadhum. Comparison Of Some Kidney And Liver Function Tests Between Current And Former Iraqi Cigarettes Or Arghila Smokers. SRP. 2021; 12(2): 179-183. doi:10.31838/srp.2021.2.23



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Zahraa I. Abudal Kadhum. Comparison Of Some Kidney And Liver Function Tests Between Current And Former Iraqi Cigarettes Or Arghila Smokers. SRP. (2021), [cited January 18, 2021]; 12(2): 179-183. doi:10.31838/srp.2021.2.23



Harvard Style

Zahraa I. Abudal Kadhum (2021) Comparison Of Some Kidney And Liver Function Tests Between Current And Former Iraqi Cigarettes Or Arghila Smokers. SRP, 12 (2), 179-183. doi:10.31838/srp.2021.2.23



Turabian Style

Zahraa I. Abudal Kadhum. 2021. Comparison Of Some Kidney And Liver Function Tests Between Current And Former Iraqi Cigarettes Or Arghila Smokers. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 12 (2), 179-183. doi:10.31838/srp.2021.2.23



Chicago Style

Zahraa I. Abudal Kadhum. "Comparison Of Some Kidney And Liver Function Tests Between Current And Former Iraqi Cigarettes Or Arghila Smokers." Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy 12 (2021), 179-183. doi:10.31838/srp.2021.2.23



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Zahraa I. Abudal Kadhum. "Comparison Of Some Kidney And Liver Function Tests Between Current And Former Iraqi Cigarettes Or Arghila Smokers." Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy 12.2 (2021), 179-183. Print. doi:10.31838/srp.2021.2.23



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Zahraa I. Abudal Kadhum (2021) Comparison Of Some Kidney And Liver Function Tests Between Current And Former Iraqi Cigarettes Or Arghila Smokers. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 12 (2), 179-183. doi:10.31838/srp.2021.2.23





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