E-ISSN 0976-2779 | ISSN 0975-8453
 

Review Article 


Different Methods For Testing The Microbial Effects Of Camel's Milk Against Some Pathogenic Bacteria

Amani A. Hafez.

Abstract
Overuse of antibiotics is causing some bacteria to become resistant to antibiotics, in addition to their price hikes. Therefore, this study was designed to investigate the effect of camel milk as a safe natural product to overcome the pathogens caused by Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Salmonella typhi and to test their effect on them by several ways, in vivo, in vitro, and in histology. In addition to the use of an electron microscope, 48 rats were used and they were divided into eight groups, the first group was considered a negative control. For two consecutive weeks, the second group gets the milk. And by intraperitoneal injection of E. coli and S. aureus group 3 and 4, respectively. Group 5 supplemented the infection by oral administration of Salmonella typhi The sixth, seventh and eighth groups were supplemented with camel milk for two consecutive weeks, then intraperitoneal injection of either E. coli or S. aureus and Salmonella typhi bacteria by mouth, and the spleen was collected after 3 weeks to isolate the bacteria. The isolation rate of S. aureus, E coli, and Salmonella typhi was higher in rats in groups 3, 4, and 5 compared to groups 6, 7, and 8 and with milk diluents (10-100). By the agar diffusion method used to test for antibacterial efficacy, 80% dilution achieved the best result, and by using a transmission electron microscope to detect damage to the bacterial cell wall and disturbance in the cellular protein content. The results indicate that camel milk has an effect on the internal structure and cell wall also in the pathological anatomy. It was found that the pathogenic bacteria had fewer effects in the liver and kidneys in the groups treated with camel milk compared to the groups infected with bacteria only, and therefore we conclude that the camel milk Promising anti-bacterial properties.

Key words: Camel milk, E. coli , S. aureus, Salmonella spp , transmission electron microscope


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Amani A. Hafez
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Amani A. Hafez. Different Methods For Testing The Microbial Effects Of Camel's Milk Against Some Pathogenic Bacteria. SRP. 2021; 12(3): 46-53. doi:10.31838/srp.2021.3.9


Web Style

Amani A. Hafez. Different Methods For Testing The Microbial Effects Of Camel's Milk Against Some Pathogenic Bacteria. http://www.sysrevpharm.org/?mno=51483 [Access: March 03, 2021]. doi:10.31838/srp.2021.3.9


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Amani A. Hafez. Different Methods For Testing The Microbial Effects Of Camel's Milk Against Some Pathogenic Bacteria. SRP. 2021; 12(3): 46-53. doi:10.31838/srp.2021.3.9



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Amani A. Hafez. Different Methods For Testing The Microbial Effects Of Camel's Milk Against Some Pathogenic Bacteria. SRP. (2021), [cited March 03, 2021]; 12(3): 46-53. doi:10.31838/srp.2021.3.9



Harvard Style

Amani A. Hafez (2021) Different Methods For Testing The Microbial Effects Of Camel's Milk Against Some Pathogenic Bacteria. SRP, 12 (3), 46-53. doi:10.31838/srp.2021.3.9



Turabian Style

Amani A. Hafez. 2021. Different Methods For Testing The Microbial Effects Of Camel's Milk Against Some Pathogenic Bacteria. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 12 (3), 46-53. doi:10.31838/srp.2021.3.9



Chicago Style

Amani A. Hafez. "Different Methods For Testing The Microbial Effects Of Camel's Milk Against Some Pathogenic Bacteria." Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy 12 (2021), 46-53. doi:10.31838/srp.2021.3.9



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Amani A. Hafez. "Different Methods For Testing The Microbial Effects Of Camel's Milk Against Some Pathogenic Bacteria." Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy 12.3 (2021), 46-53. Print. doi:10.31838/srp.2021.3.9



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Amani A. Hafez (2021) Different Methods For Testing The Microbial Effects Of Camel's Milk Against Some Pathogenic Bacteria. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 12 (3), 46-53. doi:10.31838/srp.2021.3.9





Most Viewed Articles
  • Dental Development between Assisted Reproductive Therapy (Art) and Natural Conceived Children: A Comparative Pilot Study
    Norzaiti Mohd Kenali, Naimah Hasanah Mohd Fathil, Norbasyirah Bohari, Ahmad Faisal Ismail, Roszaman Ramli
    SRP. 2020; 11(1): 01-06
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5530/srp.2020.1.01

  • Psychometric properties of the World Health Organization Quality of life instrument, short form: Validity in the Vietnamese healthcare context
    Trung Quang Vo*, Bao Tran Thuy Tran, Ngan Thuy Nguyen, Tram ThiHuyen Nguyen, Thuy Phan Chung Tran
    SRP. 2020; 11(1): 14-22
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5530/srp.2020.1.03

  • A Prospective Review on Phyto-Pharmacological Aspects of Andrographis paniculata
    Govindraj Akilandeswari, Arumugam Vijaya Anand, Palanisamy Sampathkumar, Puthamohan Vinayaga Moorthi, Basavaraju Preethi
    SRP. 2019; 10(1): 15-19
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5530/srp.2019.1.3

  • A Review of Pharmacoeconomics: the key to “Healthcare for All”
    Hasamnis AA, Patil SS, Shaik Imam, Narendiran K
    SRP. 2019; 10(1): s40-s42
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5530/srp.2019.1s.21

  • Deuterium Depleted Water as an Adjuvant in Treatment of Cancer
    Anton Syroeshkin, Olga Levitskaya, Elena Uspenskaya, Tatiana Pleteneva, Daria Romaykina, Daria Ermakova
    SRP. 2019; 10(1): 112-117
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5530/srp.2019.1.19

  • Most Downloaded
  • Dental Development between Assisted Reproductive Therapy (Art) and Natural Conceived Children: A Comparative Pilot Study
    Norzaiti Mohd Kenali, Naimah Hasanah Mohd Fathil, Norbasyirah Bohari, Ahmad Faisal Ismail, Roszaman Ramli
    SRP. 2020; 11(1): 01-06
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5530/srp.2020.1.01

  • Manilkara zapota (L.) Royen Fruit Peel: A Phytochemical and Pharmacological Review
    Karle Pravin P, Dhawale Shashikant C
    SRP. 2019; 10(1): 11-14
    » Abstract » doi: 0.5530/srp.2019.1.2

  • Pharmacognostic and Phytopharmacological Overview on Bombax ceiba
    Pankaj Haribhau Chaudhary, Mukund Ganeshrao Tawar
    SRP. 2019; 10(1): 20-25
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5530/srp.2019.1.4

  • A Review of Pharmacoeconomics: the key to “Healthcare for All”
    Hasamnis AA, Patil SS, Shaik Imam, Narendiran K
    SRP. 2019; 10(1): s40-s42
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5530/srp.2019.1s.21

  • A Prospective Review on Phyto-Pharmacological Aspects of Andrographis paniculata
    Govindraj Akilandeswari, Arumugam Vijaya Anand, Palanisamy Sampathkumar, Puthamohan Vinayaga Moorthi, Basavaraju Preethi
    SRP. 2019; 10(1): 15-19
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5530/srp.2019.1.3

  • Most Cited Articles