Quality of Health Economic Evaluation in Developing Countries: A Systematic Review in Vietnam
Background: At present, economic evaluation studies are pivotal in decisions on apportion of resources in health care. Vietnam is a country undergoing a healthcare reform requiring health economic information. This study is designed as a systematic review to explore the trend and situation of economic evaluation studies in Vietnam. In order to aid the development of this study, databases of numerous sources, namely PubMed, Science Direct, Google Scholar, and Cochrane library. Results: From 1356 records found, twenty-three articles met selection criteria. Average number of articles by years is 0-5 papers except in 2012 (7 papers). There is 95.7 percent used cost effectiveness analysis, only one study conducted cost benefit analysis. Out of these studies, the number of articles was mentioned in prevention interventions (11), diagnostic procedures (3), curative procedures (7), and services delivery (2). Eleven studies did not report clearly the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) and also 11 publications did not disclose funding sources. Conclusions: This review shows clearly the current situation and an urgent need for an increase of both quality and quantity of health economic studies in Vietnam. Basically, national methodological guidelines for conducting and reporting economic evaluation in Vietnam should be developed as soon as possible.